What is function overloading? Discuss this.

Function Overloading: Overloading refers to the use of the same thing for different purposes. When the same name for different functions is used that is called function overloading. The functions are then distinguished by their parameters or argument lists.

Functions can be overloaded by changing, increasing or decreasing their arguments,

float add(float a, float b)
int add(int a, int b)
int add(int a)
int add(int a, int b, int c)

By changing their argument’s sequence like,

double add(int a, double b)
double add(double a, int b)

Following is a program example using function overloading,

//function overloading
#include<iostreams.h>

class overload{
 int a,b;
 float c,d;
 public:
  int add(int x, int y){  //function 1
   return x*x+y*y;
   }
  float add(float x,float y){ //function 2
   return (x+x)*(y+y);
   }
 };

void main(){
 overload ob1;
 cout<<ob1.add(5,5)<<"\n"; //calling function 1 here
 cout<<ob1.add(5.5f,5.5f); //calling function 2 here
 }



Output:
50
121


Here both function 1 and 2 are of the same name add but their arguments are different. Thus they are treated as two different functions.

Author: Tanmay Chakrabarty

Tanmay Chakrabarty is a former CSE student, currently working as a Senior Software Engineer with 5+ years of experience in the field of Web Application development in PHP+MySQL platform with strong skills in Javascript, JQuery, JQuery UI and CSS. He tries to write notes every week but fails due to heavy loads of duty.

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