Key Process Areas (KPAs):The KPAs describe those software engineering functions that must be present to satisfy good practice at a particular level. Each KPA is described by identifying the following characteristics:
01. Goals: Goal is the target of a project or the overall objectives that the KPA must achieved.
02. Commitments: Requirements that must be met to achieve the goals or provide proof of intent to comply with the goals.
03. Abilities: Those things that must be in place by both organizationally and technically to enable the organization to meet the commitments.
04. Activities: The specific tasks required to achieve the KPA function.