What are the differences between microeconomics and macroeconomics?


Differences Between Microeconomics and Macroeconomics: 

The study of economics is divided into microeconomics and macroeconomics by the modern economists. Both of them discuss the economical activities but are used in different sectors under different circumstances. In spit of having some similarities, they also have some differences which have been given below.


Microeconomics
On Basis of
Macroeconomics
The word ‘micro’ comes from the Greek word ‘mikros’ which means ‘millions of parts’
Name Origination
The word ‘macro’ is also from a Greek word ‘makros’ which means ‘large’
Microeconomics is a branch of economics which describes the part of economy or it describes the economy of individuals such a consumer, a firm etc.
Definition
The macroeconomics describes the entire economy such as national income, total output, total consumption etc. 
Microeconomics is price theory which is the combination of theory of demand and theory of production.
Theory
Macroeconomics is called income theory that explains the result of total production and why the level rises and falls.
Microeconomics focuses on supply and demand and other forces that determine the price levels seen in the economy.
Focus
Macroeconomics would look at how an increase/decrease in net exports would affect a nation's capital account.
Microeconomics analyses the partial behavior of economy
Analyze
The macroeconomics analyses the entire behavior of economy.
Microeconomics discuss the behavior of any decision making unit.
Concepts
Macroeconomics analyses the economic problem as a whole.
Microeconomics helps in the formulation of economic policies calculated to promote efficiency in production and the welfare of the masses.
Importance
Macroeconomics has got the importance in the economic theory in its pursuit of the solution of urgent problems.
Microeconomics takes a bottoms-up approach to analyzing the economy
Approaches
Macroeconomics takes a top-down approach
Partial equilibrium method is used in microeconomics
Equilibrium
General equilibrium method is used in macroeconomics
The classical and the new classical economists are the supporters of the microeconomics.
Supporters
The macroeconomics gets the supports of the modern economists.

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